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Wood
Measurement

 

wood measurement

Manitoba Scaler's Licence Program

Timber scaling is the process of measuring or estimating the quantity of trees after they are felled, expressed as volume, area, length, mass or number of products.

This page outlines the Manitoba Scaling Program, scaling course contents and duration, requirements to obtain and retain a Manitoba scaler's licence and examination procedures.

Purpose
Information collected from scaling is used to determine wood volumes for Crown dues payments, wage payments, statistical analysis, commercial transactions, research and development and inventory control.

The Forest Management Development section is responsible for Manitoba’s Timber Scaling Program.  The authority for the measurement of all forest products harvested on Crown lands in Manitoba is contained in the provisions of The Forest Act Chapter F 150 (C.C.S.M. c. F150) and Forest Use and Management Regulation 227/88 R which states:

Licence for scaler
16          No person shall act as a scaler unless he holds a valid and subsisting Manitoba scaler's licence.

Objective
The objective of the Manitoba Scaler's Licence Program is to provide a uniform standard of training and certification for individuals involved in scaling timber harvested in Manitoba, and to ensure that all proper scaling methods are followed by industry.

Responsibilities

To set standards for:
1. Licence fees
2. Types of licences and licence renewal policy
3. Scaler's status
4. Scaling course content, instruction and examination procedures.

sample scaling 1
Sample scaling at Tolko

To provide the following:
1. Updates to scaling policy
2. Development of scaling manuals and scaling programs
3. Training and certification of instructors
4. Training and certification of potential scalers
5. Schedule and conduct all licence/refresher courses and exams
6. Expertise for all policy and training
7. Conduct check scales to compare the work of other scalers
8. Conduct rescales where parties disagree on the first scale results.


sample scaling 2
Sample scaling at LP

Resource References  
The Manual of Scaling Instructions in Metric Units (Manitoba Natural Resources Forestry Revised 1997) summarizes the procedures and instructions for scaling or measuring timber in Manitoba.

The Canadian Standards Association manual Scaling Roundwood/Measurement of Woodchips, Tree Residues, and Byproducts 0302.1-09/0302.2-09 is used as a reference.

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Scaling Courses
Applicants for a Manitoba Scalers Licence are required to attend scaling courses held by Manitoba Conservation. Applicants must pass field and written tests.  Successful candidates are also required to complete and pass a refresher scaling course within 5 (five) years of the date of issuance of their original scalers licence. The refresher course is valid for 5 (five) years from the date of successful completion.

cube scaling
Cube scaling at a scaling course

To provide compliance with federal labour mobility legislation, anyone with a valid out-of-province scaling licence (validated by Manitoba Conservation) will be provided with a Manitoba Scalers  Licence valid for 5 (five) years without being required to take either the Manitoba Scalers Licence or Refresher course. They will be required to complete the Manitoba Scalers Licence or Refresher course within 5 (five) years of the issuance of the original licence as per current scaling licence requirements.

stack scaling
Stack scaling at a scaling course

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Manitoba Manual of Scaling Instructions Fourth Edition, September 2013
This manual is used in both the full scaling course and the refresher course. It summarizes the procedures and instructions for scaling or measuring Crown timber as approved by the Director of Forestry.
Manitoba Scaling Manual 2013 (pdf)

Course Location
Held annually at various locations in the Province.  Dates and locations when set are posted on the Forestry Branch website.

Course Content
The 4 ½ day long full scaling course consists of:

  1. Scaling manual review
  2. Cube scaling individual logs
  3. Stackwood scaling piles of timber
  4. Assessing cull and defect
  5. Weight scaling methods
  6. Field and written tests

Scaling Exam
The field test consists of cube scaling 50 logs, cube sample of 30-40 logs and stack scaling of 300-400 m³ stacked roundwood. The written test consists of 20 true/false questions and an open book exam of 10-15 questions. An overall mark of 65% or better must be obtained to satisfactorily complete the course.  Candidates achieving an overall mark between 50% and 64% in the Scalers Licence course may be recommended to receive an Interim Scalers Licence which is valid for a period of one year.

An Interim Scalers Licence may be extended until the next Scalers Licence course is offered by Manitoba Conservation. An Interim Scalers Licence is not transferable to another individual and may be used only at the facility for which it was originally issued.

Course Fees
Course fee is $200.00.  An application form and a $50.00 licence fee must be submitted in order to receive a Manitoba Scalers Licence.  The successful candidates will be licensed to measure all classes of Crown timber.  All expenses such as accommodation, travel, meals, etc. are the responsibility of the applicant. 

diameter measurment
Diameter measurement

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Scaling Refresher Course
Held annually at various locations in the Province.  Dates and locations when set are posted on the Forestry Branch website.

Refresher Course Content
The 2 ½ day long full scaling course consists of:

  1. Scaling manual review
  2. Cube scaling individual logs
  3. Stackwood scaling piles of timber
  4. Assessing cull and defect
  5. Weight scaling methods
  6. Field and written test

                                               
The field and written tests are the same as those provided for the full scaling course.  Anyone not obtaining a minimum mark of 65% or better must retake the full Scalers Licence Training Course.

Refresher Course Fees
There is no course or licence fee.  All expenses such as accommodation, travel, meals etc are the responsibility of the applicant.

height measurment
Height measurement

Director of Forestry
The issuance of a Manitoba scalers licences is subject to the approval of the Director of Forestry. The Director of Forestry will act as arbitrator in the resolution of any disputes arising from the interpretation or implementation of the policies stated above.

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Program Contacts
Forestry Branch
Forest Management Section
200 Saulteaux Crescent, Box 70,
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3J 3W3.
Fax: (204) 948-2671

Jeff Delaney, Manager,
Phone: (204) 945-7946
email:  jeff.delaney@gov.mb.ca

Regional Contacts 
Northwest Region

Troy Werstroh, Regional Forester
Box 2550, The Pas, Manitoba R9A 1M4
Phone: (204) 627-8352
Fax: (204) 623-5733.
email: troy.werstroh@gov.mb.ca

Northeast Region
Bruce Holmes, Regional Forester
59 Elizabeth Drive, Thompson, Manitoba R8N 1X4
Phone: (204) 677-6642
Fax: (204) 677-6359.
email:  bruce.holmes@gov.mb.ca

Western Region
Andrew Grauman, Forester
Box 640, 201-4th Ave. S. Swan River, Manitoba ROL 1ZO
Phone: (204) 281-2987
Fax: (204) 734-4210.
email:  andrew.grauman@gov.mb.ca

Eastern Region
Michael Doig, Regional Forester
284 Reimer Avenue, Steinbach, Manitoba R5G 0R5
Phone: (204) 346-6116
Fax: (204) 326-2472.
email:  michael.doig@gov.mb.ca

Interlake Region
Tim Harapiak
Box 6000, Gimli, Manitoba ROC 1B0
Phone: (204) 642-6073
Fax: (204) 642-6108
email: tim.harapiak@gov.mb.ca

 

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