Principles & Policies for Managing Human Resources


2.1.0   Staffing Methods


Selection of a staffing method to fill a position must uphold the staffing principles and the public interest.



This policy applies when filling positions in the Manitoba government with the exception of technical appointments under section 32 of The Civil Service Act.



An opportunity analysis must be conducted to identify the appropriate staffing method for a specific position or vacancy. 

Step 1: Review and if required update the position description

This is an opportunity to assess the needs of the organization, define the duties and responsibilities to be assigned to the position and the qualifications required to perform the work. Where there have been significant changes to the duties and responsibilities, the Compensation Services Branch must conduct a job evaluation to ensure the classification remains appropriate. (See 4.1 - Classification of Positions)

Step 2: Develop the selection criteria

The selection criteria must reflect the bona fide occupational requirements to ensure that work is performed safely, efficiently and effectively. (See 2.1.1- Selection Criteria).

Step 3: Give first consideration to individuals on the priority placement lists

Note: The following may not include all priority placement lists to be considered.

Step 4: Hire from the established eligibility list

If an eligibility list was established and is still within the established timeframe, hire from the established eligibility list.
Candidates are taken off the list in their rank order as established by the competition. Sometimes candidates are ranked by their preference for geographical location. Candidates on the eligibility list are not notified of their ranking.

Step 5: Support the Manitoba government Diversity and Inclusion Strategy

Determine how the staffing method will support the Manitoba government Diversity and Inclusion Strategy and related department plan (See  2.1.3 - Employment Equity in Staffing)

Step 6: Analyze the labour market and develop a recruitment strategy

Analyze the internal and external labour market for the position and establish an area of search that will yield applicants from the target audience. Develop a recruitment strategy that will attract those potential applicants to apply. (See 2.2.2 Outreach Recruitment).

Step 7: Select a staffing method

Considering the results of the opportunity analysis, the staffing principles of merit, fairness and equity, as well as employee development and the public interest, select a staffing method from among the options described in following sections.


Competitive Appointment

Positions in the Manitoba government in most cases are filled through competitive appointment. A competitive appointment is based on a competitive examination of one or more candidates and includes subsequent or alternate appointment(s) from a competition or eligibility list. A competitive appointment must be authorized by the delegated staffing authority.

There are three types of competitions: open, closed, and internal.

A recruitment strategy may also be developed to deliberately seek candidates who may not meet the full working level. In those situations, the selection board must consider the appropriate modifications to the selection criteria, classification, and advertise the developmental opportunity accordingly.

A competition may be held to establish an eligibility list. An eligibility list is a ranked listing of qualified candidates for a particular type of employment or job classification. The job opportunity advertisement must state the intent to establish an eligibility list as well as the duration that the eligibility list will be used. The job opportunity advertisement must also state if the eligibility list is being created to fill vacancies in specific geographical locations.

Eligibility lists are useful in several situations:

The duration of an eligibility list can be for a period up to twelve months. If an eligibility list was established for a six-month period, it can be extended to twelve months if necessary.  (Refer to Administrative Process for Eligibility Lists)

Temporary Appointments

Temporary appointments may use direct or competitive appointment processes and must be authorized by the delegated staffing authority. Temporary appointment types include:

Acting Status
Acting status is the temporary assignment of an employee to the full duties of another position with a higher maximum rate of pay. When acting status is revoked, the employee returns to his/her original position and rate of pay.

Interchange is an agreement between two organizations, involving the temporary assignment of an employee to the receiving organization while remaining in their home organization’s staff year. Interchanges are possible between the Manitoba government (department, special operating agency, independent office of the legislative assembly) and another organization in the public, private or not-for profit sector.

Secondment is the temporary assignment of an employee within their staff year to another branch, division, or department of the Manitoba government. Secondments are possible within or between core government departments, special operating agencies and independent offices of the legislative assembly.

Interim Reclassification
Interim reclassification is the temporary (for a limited and specific period of time) reclassification of a position when there is a significant change to an employee’s position and the additional duties are at a higher level.

Casual employment means employment

Should a casual appointment be required for the staffing of urgent, temporary work assignments that are clerical in nature, the hiring manager must contact the Human Resource Director or Manager and request clerical placement. Duration of a casual appointment is restricted to a period of no longer than the equivalent of two (2) consecutive bi-weekly pay periods. If deemed appropriate, the Human Resource Director or Manager will proceed with the request.

Direct Appointment

Positions in the civil service may be filled by direct appointment under specific conditions. The candidate’s qualifications are assessed against the selection criteria established for the position. A written rationale, authorized by the appropriate employing authority, is required for all direct appointments and should reference why the direct appointment is warranted including any impact on other employees. A direct appointment must then be authorized by the delegated staffing authority.

Administrative Appointment

Positions may also be filled by administrative appointment under specific conditions (see Appointment Matrix). An administrative appointment may occur when there is a requirement for employee reassignment or changes of an administrative nature. A written rationale authorized by the delegated staffing authority is also required.


Civil Service Commission

Delegated Staffing Authority

Hiring Managers



This policy should be read in the context of the following and any other applicable legislation and policies:




Effective date  November 21, 1998

Revised: June 14, 2018; June 9, 2014

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