INVENTORY FILE NO.
NAME OF PROPERTY
Deep Ravine Mine
Lignite of the Tertiary Turtle Mountain Formation was mined at the
McLeod farm to be used as a source of fuel.
Chemical Properties: single
analysis of coal yielded: 38.52% moisture, 24.80% volatile matter, 29.85% fixed
carbon, 6.83% ash and 0.43% sulphur.
Physical Properties: B.T.U. per lb -
6450 (as received). It is non-coking, and leaves a light brown ash.
Use: As a
local source of fuel.
MINERALS OR PRODUCTS OF VALUE
EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT
The mine is located about 4.8 km south and 2.4 km east of Goodlands on
the Canadian Pacific Railway.
1931: According to Doerksen (1971) "during
1931, two Welsh miners, J. and E. Williams began digging on the east side of
Highway 21, S.W. 1/4 20-1-23W on the bottom of a ravine. They put in two test
holes 2.4 m in depth about 45.6 m apart - with a pick and shovel. Finding
nothing, they went across the highway to the McLeod Property (NE1/4 24-1-24W).
Here they drove an adit into the steep bank of a ravine directly across the
boundary fence from the Powne Farm on a slope of 1 to 3, and the adit was driven
farther into the bank for a distance of 23.1 m. The clay was hauled out with
horsepower on an improvised track. A 86 cm seam of lignite was encountered. Two
rooms were worked, one to the right and one to the left of the main entry; about
10.8 tonnes were mined daily, and was brought out by horse and rail. A total of
about 181 tonnes was produced in 1931.
1932: The mine was worked from January
1 to March 11, by Reini Roelins and five associates. A new entry was put down
about 16.7 m west of the first entry where the workings were caving badly.
Operations were resumed by Roelins and associates September 25, 1932. The former
workings were abandoned and a shaft 2.7 m x 2.7 m was sunk, slightly north of
No. 1 entry, to the coal seam at a depth of 7.6 m. Very little coal was mined
during the remainder of the year. Total production for 1932 was 384
1931: During the year two Welsh coal miners drove, from the floor of
an east-west ravine, an incline into the south flank. From 10.8 tonnes to 12.1
tonnes of coal was mined daily while operations occurred. The exact dates of
operation are uncertain, but the total amount of coal removed during 1931 is
reported as 181 tonnes.
1932: The mine was worked from January 1 to March by
Reini Roelins, and five associates. 293 tonnes of coal was mined during this
period. Operations were resumed on September 25. The former workings were
abandoned and a new shaft was sunk. About 91 tonnes was removed. The operation
was not working after 1932.
1932 - 1996: This quarry's operation has remained
closed during this time.
Shipping Point: Mine
Carrier: Wagon and
Material shipped: Coal
5th, p. 23.
1973: The Upper
Cretaceous and Paleocene Stratigraphy of Turtle Mountain, Manitoba; M.Sc.
Thesis, University of Manitoba.
1978: Stratigraphy of the
Riding Mountain, Boissevain and Turtle Mountain Formations in the Turtle
Mountain area, Manitoba; Manitoba Mineral Resources Division, Geological Report
1978: Summary of available data on lignite deposits,
Turtle Mountain, Manitoba; Manitoba Mineral Resources Division, Economic
Geological Report 77/1, pp. 5, 7.
1949: Coal (Lignite) in
Manitoba; unpublished report Manitoba Mines Branch.
The Saga of Turtle Mountain Coal; 129 p., D.W. Friesen & Sons Ltd., Altona,
Industrial Minerals Geologist Files
Manitoba Mineral Resources
Map 62F/2, Waskada, (Topography), Sc. 1:50,000, Surveys and Mapping
Fig. 2a, Location of former lignite operations at Turtle
Mountain, Sc. 1:42 240, in Bannatyne, 1978, p. 5.
Map 12, Industrial Minerals
Producers (Index), Sc. 1:1 000 000, Manitoba Mineral Resources Division.
The lignite occurs in the Goodlands Member of the Turtle Mountain
Formation, as defined by Bamburak (1973, 1978).
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