INVENTORY FILE NO.
NAME OF PROPERTY
Gypsumville - Elephant Hill
Domtar Construction Materials Ltd.
1405 Sargent Avenue
Gypsum of the Jurassic Amaranth Formation was quarried at Elephant
Hill for the use in making cement, wallboard, and plaster of paris. The surface
of this deposit is covered with boulder clay which, in the vicinity of the
quarry, averages 0.6 m to 0.9 m. The gypsum as exposed shows stratification in
some places, while in others it is indistinct or absent. A small percentage of
reddish clay can be seen between some of the layers, but on the whole the rock
is very pure.
At random places the gypsum encloses round boulder-like masses
of blue anhydrite and these "boulders" vary in size all the way up to 6 m in
diameter. Some of the bands of gypsum carry anhydrite in the middle. Folding the
gypsum beds is obvious. An interesting feature of this deposit is the occurrence
of selenite in pockets, veins, and sheets through the gypsum as well as in the
anhydrite. The continuous masses of transparent selenite are up to 1.5 m long
and single cleavage plates more than 0.3 m square can occur. The selenite occurs
as thick platy masses that have grown together at various angles.
Properties: analysis from "old quarry" in Brownell (1931).
Properties: see Bannatyne (1959) and Hoque (1967).
Use: Plaster of Paris,
MINERALS OR PRODUCTS OF VALUE
EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT
The quarry is located approximately 257 km northwest of Winnipeg and
about 6 km northeast of the old Gypsumville quarry.
Elephant Hill is on Crown
1910 - Quarry Lease M-75 was issued to D.G. McArthur for a period of 21
years. It covers parts of l.s. 4 and 5, Sec. 4.
1911 - Assignment of lease to
Dominion Gyspum Company Limited.
1915 - Dominion Gypsum Company Limited
amalgamated with the Manitoba Gypsum Company and carried on under the name of
Manitoba Gypsum Company.
1918 - The rock was quarried only in the winter, and
was transported by horse drawn sleds to the Gypsumville quarry. Here is was
stored in a stock pile beside the railway track from which it was drawn
throughout the year as needed. An annual production of 1360 to 1814 tonnes was
quarried from 1918 to 1931 with the exception of 2 years.
1922 - Renewal of
Quarry Lease M-75.
1930 - Assignment of lease to Canada Gypsum and Alabastine
Limited in April. The Company name changed to Gypsum, Lime and Alabastine Canada
1933 - Renewal of Quarry Lease M-75.
1952 - Renewal of lease
M-75. The lease was assigned to Montreal Trust Company in December.
Assignment of Lease to Dominion Tar and Chemical Company Limited.
Rental renewed for 10 years.
1965 - The company name changed to Domtar
1972 - The leases were renewed. Production has been on an
intermittent basis in recent years.
1918 - The rock was quarried only in the winter. It was stockpiled
near Gypsumville and used as needed. Annual production of 1360 - 1814 tonnes
occurred till 1931 with the exception of 2 years.
1932-1978 - Production
continued on an intermittent basis.
Shipping Point - Gypsumville
Shipped - Gypsum
Destination - Winnipeg
Distance from Mine - 257
Carrier - CNR
Annual Report, Manitoba Mines Branch, 1943, p. 49-52.
B.B. 1959: Gypsum-Anhydrite Deposits of Manitoba; Manitoba Mines Branch, Publ.
Bannatyne, B.B. 1977: Educational Series 77/1, Manitoba
Brownell, G.M. 1931: Gypsum in Manitoba; unpublished report, on file,
Cole, L.H. 1913: Gypsum in Canada; Mines Branch Canada, Rept. No.
Cole, L.H. 1930: The Gypsum Industry of Canada; Mines Branch Canada,
Rept. No. 732, p. 20-25.
de Wet, J.P. 1934: The Story of Gypsum in Manitoba;
Canadian Mining Journal; Jan. 1934.
Hoque, M.H. 1967: Structure and Petrology
of the Gypsumville Gypsum Deposit; Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, U of Sask.
Manitoba Gypsum Company; Corporation File, Man. MRD.
McCabe, H.R. and
Bannatyne, B.B. 1970: Lake St. Martin Crypto-Explosion Crater and Geology of the
Surrounding Area; Man. Mines Branch, Geol. Paper 3/70.
McGill, H.F.: Report
on Gypsum Properties of Gypsum Lime and Alabastine Canada Limited, Gypsumville
Manitoba; on file, Man. MRD.
Parks, W.A. 1916: Report on the Building and
Ornamental Stones of Canada, Vol. IV, Province of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and
Alberta; Mines Branch, Canada, Report. No. 388.
Tyrrell, J.B. 1887:
Geological Survey of Canada, Ann. Report 1887, vol. III, N.S., pt. 1, p.
Wallace, R.C. and MacLean, A. 1914: Gypsum and Salt in Manitoba;
Geological Survey of Canada, Sum. Rept. 1913 p. 165-167.
Wallace, R.C. 1915:
Gypsum and Brines in Manitoba; Geological Survey of Canada, Sum. Rept. 1914 p.
Wallace, R.C. and Greer, L. 1927: The Non-Metallic Mineral Resources
of Manitoba; Industry Dev. Board of Manitoba, 93 pp.; (Gypsum: p. 38-43).
*Map 62O/15, Gypsumville (Topo.), 1:50 000; Surveys & Mapping
Branch, Manitoba MRD.
Map 12, Industrial Mineral Producers (Index), 1:1000
000; Manitoba MRD.
#Location Map, Geology Map; Hoque (1967).
The rock is quarried at White Elephant Quarry during the winter months
and it consists of 30 acres in the SW1/4 of Section 4, Twp. 33, R. 8W. This area
is only accessible in winter time and produces a very clean white gypsum; used
in the making of plaster of paris.
Powered by DB/Text WebPublisher