INVENTORY FILE NO.
NAME OF PROPERTY
Coal of the Tertiary Turtle Mountain Formation was mined at the Powne
Farm to be used as a source of fuel. The coal seam on the property is 0.75 m
thick, with a 45.7 cm layer of fire clay, with another 30.4 cm seam of
Chemical Properties: Analysis of coal from l.s. 15-24-1-24W yielded:
38.52% moisture; 24.80% volatile matter; 29.85% fixed carbon, 6.83% ash, and
Physical Properties: B.T.Y. per lb 6,450 (as
Use: Local source of fuel.
MINERALS OR PRODUCTS OF VALUE
EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT
The mine is located approximately 14.4 km south and 4.8 km west of
1933: According to Doerksen (1971), Les Powne and Vic Mills sank a
shaft into the creek bank at a slope of 1 in 3, and one counter shaft. A seam of
coal 0.75 m thick was encountered, then 48.7 cm of fire clay, then about a 30.4
cm seam of coal. This would be cut off to level, and mine timbers were laid for
a track made out of modified poplar logs. Car were constructed from larger
poplar timbers with binder carriage wheels adapted for use on these cars. The
coal was brought out by hand by winding a cable wind loss. A string spring of
water was encountered and had to be pumped out day and night. A total of 63.5
tonnes of coal was produced during 1933.
1934: A total of 101.5 tonnes of
coal was removed. Doerksen (1971) suggested that the mine was in operation for
at least 2 seasons.
1942: An attempt to strip mine the coal from the SW 1/4
25-1-24W was made. No coal was mined due to adverse conditions.
1933-34: Les Powne and Vic Mills removed approximately 63.5 tonnes of
coal during 1933, and 101.5 tonnes of coal during 1934.
Shipping Point: Powne
Material Shipped: Coal
6th, p. 25.
1973: The Upper
Cretaceous and Paleocene Stratigraphy of Turtle Mountain, Manitoba; M.Sc.
Thesis, University of Manitoba.
1978: Stratigraphy of the
Riding Mountain, Boissevain the Turtle Mountain Formations in the Turtle
Mountain area, Manitoba; Manitoba Mineral Resources Division, Geological Report
1978: Summary of available data on lignite deposits,
Turtle Mountain, Manitoba; Manitoba Mineral Resource Division, Economic Geology
Report 77/1, pp. 5, 8.
1970: The Clays and Shales of
Manitoba; Manitoba Mines Branch, Publication 67-1.
Coal (Lignite) in Manitoba; unpublished report Manitoba Mines
1971: The Saga of Turtle Mountain Coal; 129p. D.W.
Friesen & Sons Ltd., Altona, pp. 85-86.
Industrial Minerals Geologist
Files, Manitoba Mineral Resource Division.
Map 62 F/2, Waskada, (Topography), Sc. 1:50 000, Surveys & Mapping
Fig. 2a, Location of former lignite operations at Turtle
Mountain, Sc. 1:42 240, in Bannatyne, 1978, p. 5.
Map 12, Industrial Minerals
Producers (Index), Sc. 1:1 000 000, Manitoba Mineral Resources Division.
The lignite occurs in the Goodlands Member of the Turtle Mountain
Formation, as defined by Bamburak (1973, 1978). Outcrop sections are described
by Bamburak and Bannatyne (1970).
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