Geoscience

3-D Geological Mapping in Manitoba: Moving Forward

Sections:

Abstract
Location Map
Model Outputs
Model Construction: Southern Manitoba
Model Construction: Legend
Model Construction: Vertical Maps
Model Construction: 3-D Modelling
New Products
References
Archive

 

Abstract

Increasing demand for groundwater and hydrocarbons have been the two main drivers for 3-D modeling in Manitoba. In order to satisfy these demands, and to broaden our knowledge of the subsurface geological and hydrogeological systems, the Manitoba Geological Survey has been moving toward the completion of a three-dimensional (3-D) geological model of the Phanerozoic succession in southern Manitoba, south of latitude 55°N.

Key model inputs are: digital elevation data, bathymetric charts for large lakes, offshore seismic surveys, surficial geological maps, drillhole and seismic data, existing models for the Phanerozoic rock units (the Stratigraphic Map series), and drillhole data. For the Quaternary, critical inputs to the 3-D model are cored holes logged by geologists and geophysical surveys. These high-quality drillholes are extrapolated laterally using data from provincial drillhole databases that include data over 100,000 sites.

After years of data compilation, two small scale and two regional bedrock models have been completed; 1) the pilot area in southeastern Manitoba (SE MB) which comprises the 200 km x 240 km Winnipeg region, 2) the Lake Winnipeg basin region (Lake Winnipeg), 3) the Targeted Geoscience Initiative Williston Basin Architecture and Hydrocarbon Potential Project's Williston Basin 3D Geological Model (TGI) and 4) the Canadian portion of the Williston Basin derived from the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin Atlas (WCSB). Currently, the MGS is working to complete our modelling in southern Manitoba’s Phanerozoic terrane south of latitude 55°N (Southern Manitoba). This page outlines our 3-D modelling progress and highlights our new bedrock surface; a derivative product of the 3D modelling process.

 

Location Map

Click image below to enlarge
3-D Location Map

back to top

 

Model Outputs

Southeast Manitoba model

Southeast Manitoba model

Southeast Manitoba (SE MB) modelled bedrock units. (Click image to enlarge)

TGI - Williston Basin model

TGI - Williston Basin model

TGI Williston Basin model depicting bedrock units from Devonian (brown) to Precambrian (pink). The bedrock portion of southern Manitoba is based upon this model. (Click image to enlarge)

 

WCSB model

WCSB model

WCSB model depicting major geological time periods from the Tertiary (light green) to Precambrian (pink). Brown represents deformed Cordilleran rocks. (Click image to enlarge)

Lake Winnipeg model

Lake Winnipeg model

Southeast Manitoba (SE MB) and Lake Winnipeg bedrock surface displaying the new Paleozoic edge within the Lake Winnipeg basin. (Click image to enlarge)

back to top

 

Model Construction: Southern Manitoba

Model Constructions: Southern Manitoba

Click image above to enlarge

back to top

 

Model Construction: Legend

Click image below to enlarge
Model Construction: Legend

 

Model Construction: Vertical Maps

Click image below to enlarge
Model Construction: Vertical Maps

The complete set of 134 ‘Vertical Maps’ used for modelling was released as part of the Stratigraphic Map Series (SM2012-1) and are available for viewing and/or download.

back to top

 

Model Construction: 3-D ModellingModel Construction: 3-D Modelling

Click image above to enlarge

 

The Precambrian surface is the ‘simplest’ surface to create. It has no unit edge and can be modelled directly from the nodes.

Model Construction: 3-D Modelling

Click image above to enlarge

Most units have a defined unit ‘edge’, or subsurface extent. Many units also have subsurface channels. These units are more complex to model. The 3-D model cross-sections require existing unit edges to be modified in order to fit the data. The example unit below is the Cretaceous Pierre Formation, Odanah Member.

Model Construction: 3-D Modelling

Click image above to enlarge

 

Click here to view a 2-D representation (stacked polygons) of the original data (unit edges) that provided the foundation for the construction of the 3-D model.

back to top

 

New Products

The bedrock surface includes buried valley aquifer (BVA) channel data. BVA data is combined with the digital elevation model as well as channel outlines from the modelled cross- sections. The suspected channels are then digitized and then compared with the modelled data in 3D. These digitized lines are then incorporated and modelled.

Click images below to enlarge

New Product: Bedrock Surface

New Product: Bedrock Surface

New Product: Bedrock Surface

 

Final image below depicts bedrock surface with incorporated BVA channels:

New Product: Bedrock Surface

BVA channel figures from:
Hinton, M.J., Pugin, A.J-M., Pullan, S.E., Betcher, R.N. 2007: Insights into the Medora-Waskada buried valley aquifer from geophysical surveys, southwestern Manitoba; Canadian Geotechnical Society-International Association of Hydrogeologists, 60th Canadian Geotechnical Conference and the 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, OttawaGeo 2007, Ottawa, ON, October 21-24, 2007, Proceedings, p. 515-522.

back to top

 

Archive

Click here to view a 2-D representation (stacked polygons) of the original data (unit edges) that provided the foundation for the construction of the 3-D model.

Video Clips

To view the videos, you must install the TSCC codec, which can be downloaded free of charge from the TechSmith Download Center.
The videos can be viewed using either the Windows Media Player, a standard with Windows operating systems, or, the Real Player available to download free of charge.

Video 1 (2636 kb): Geological layers are progressively removed from the Quaternary back to the Precambrian, more than 550 million years ago. Images depict present-day distribution of the geological layers, not their original extent.

Video 2 (8485 kb): Rotating 3-D block model of the geology of southeastern Manitoba.

back to top