Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) Virus

Last update: May 16, 2019
PED Infected Premises (IP) in 2018 and 2019: 
 



PED is a virus that causes severe dehydration and diarrhea in pigs. The virus is generally fatal in very young animals, however older animals can recover.
 
PED is not transmitted to humans or other animals. It is also not a food safety risk.
 
Strict biosecurity practices help limit the spread of the virus. All pork producers must maintain strict on-farm biosecurity procedures to keep PED out of the barn. It is critical that the entire industry, including producers, transporters and suppliers work together to reduce transmission through good biosecurity practices.
 
Symptoms may include:
  • Sows: loose feces, off feed
  • Piglets: watery diarrhea, dehydration, death
  • Weanlings/Feeders: watery diarrhea, almost all animals are sick, vomiting
For instructions on PEDv sample collection and submission, please consult the VDS PED Guidelines (PDF 224KB).
PED is a reportable disease in Manitoba, so producers should contact their veterinarian immediately if animals show any signs of illness.

 
Confirmed On-Farm Cases of PED (2014 - Present)  
 



As of May 16, 2019, 98 of the 115 premises in Manitoba previously confirmed to have PED, are now determined to be PED Presumptive Negative following a negative status protocol developed by the Chief Veterinary Office (CVO) and Manitoba's swine veterinarians.

A PED Presumptive Negative premises is a premises where the affected producer has implemented strict measures to eliminate PED from all pigs and pig contact areas and have confirmed the virus has been eliminated through repeated animal and environmental testing. However, a potential PED risk still remains within the manure storage system.  Depending on the herd type and the stage of production, a PED infected premises can take 4-6 months to reach Presumptive Negative status.  

 



PED Surveillance through Environmental Testing
 
A voluntary PED testing program is ongoing at high-traffic sites that move or handle large numbers of pigs, including livestock assembly yards, federal and provincial abattoirs, truck-wash stations and livestock trailers. As of May 16, 2019, 32,649 samples have been submitted for PED testing from 20 high-traffic sites. Nine sites have tested positive for PED. 
 
High-Traffic Site Date First Positive Sample Type
Site #1 March 7, 2014 Environment
Site #2 March 31, 2014 Environment
Site #3 April 9, 2014 Environment
Site #4
April 15, 2014
Environment
Site #5 April 15, 2014 Live animals
Site #6 April 21, 2014 Environment
Site #7 April 22, 2014 Environment
Site #8 April 24, 2014 Live Animals
Site #9 October 17, 2014 Live Animals
  

 
Follow-Up

When positive samples are confirmed either on-farm or at a high-traffic site, biosecurity measures are heightened. All parts of the supply chain are notified and encouraged to maintain strict biosecurity to reduce the spread of the virus. To date, follow-up has occurred with over 400 Manitoba premises throughout all investigations.
  


Support for Biosecurity Procedures

 
Manitoba’s CVO will continue to work with the pork industry to help affected producers eliminate the disease from their herds and prevent it from spreading.  Producers who have questions about PED, biosecurity and related issues are encouraged to contact the Manitoba Pork Council for their resources and expertise. Biosecure routing and notification is conducted for high risk movements of infected pigs or material.  Regular transport movements that involve a high risk of PED contact, such as movement of cull sows to slaughter plants within PED endemic areas of the US, are now using dedicated transports and following predetermined routes year round.

  
PED Across Canada

On January 22, 2014, the first Canadian case of PED virus was confirmed on an Ontario farm. PED continues to occur sporadically in regions that have had a significant number of farms impacted by PED. PED elimination strategies are underway in Alberta. Based on the information we currently have available, the PED outbreak on three swine premises in Alberta is not linked to any premises in Manitoba. Previously affected regions such as Quebec and PEI have not reported any new cases since 2015. On going surveillance is underway in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. Further information about the disease and response in specific regions can be found through the resource links provided below.
 
 PED Provincial Resources

Alberta
Manitoba
Ontario
Quebec
Saskatchewan